The transportation industry is a significant source of air pollution and greenhouse gases (GHG). Although marine transport is by far the most energy-efficient mode of transport for goods, creating less GHG per tonne-km of cargo carried than any other transportation mode, it is still a critical source of production of GHG, as well as other type of emissions contributing to air pollution.
Fednav recognizes that ship operations result in air emissions such as nitrogen oxides (NOx), sulphur oxides (SOx), particulate matters (PM), and carbon dioxide (CO2), which have a negative effect on local and regional air quality.
Although international and national regulations with regards to control and reduction of air emissions from ships trading internationally are, in most cases, still being developed or have not yet been ratified, Fednav has adopted the following policy aimed at reducing the air emissions of its fleet.
Fednav’s policy with regards to reduction of air emissions is based on the principle that a comprehensive approach which addresses the different aspects and components of these emissions will yield the best results. This is a complex issue with no simple single solution, and tangible improvements will be the result of multiple initiatives. It is critical to be able to monitor and measure progress.
1. Energy efficiency: we believe that energy efficiency is the primary area where we can achieve both short- and long-term improvements. Reduction of fuel consumption translates into proportional reduction of CO2 emissions as well as reductions of SOx, NOx, and PM emissions. A number of concrete initiatives are already in place or will be implemented to reduce energy consumption (see Fednav’s energy efficiency measures).
2. Cleaner Marine Fuel: Fednav is committed to continually increasing its use of cleaner marine fuels (to reduce sulphur dioxide and particulate matters emissions). Our emissions measurement and inventory systems (see item 5) will allow us to measure improvements and to establish measurable reduction targets.
3. New technologies: new exhaust cleaning technologies and other engine improvements are currently being developed. Fednav is committed to support the development of promising new technologies when opportunities to do so arise. Fednav is also committed to installing viable, commercially available, and proven new emissions reduction technologies on all newbuildings.
4. Operational awareness: Fednav is committed to ensuring that all relevant staff and ships’ crews are made aware of and trained on the importance of its air emissions goals.
5. Measurement tools and inventory system: To be able to measure improvements, a reliable air emissions inventory system is essential. Fednav has built this inventory system and is committed to keep an inventory of its air emissions in the future so that improvement targets can be identified and progress measured.